Pruning and Trimming:
- In general, prune or trim shrubs and trees just after their flowering period only as necessary. Remove any dead or dying branches.
- Make all cuts clean.
- Pruning will not generally be necessary for two to three years.
- Winter watering is extremely important and should take place approximately every three weeks or when there are spells of dry, warm weather. Deep root watering on all trees is also good practice.
- It is better to water heavily a fewer number of times than to water lightly a great number of times. Over‐watering is the major cause of problems in plant material and is much more difficult to correct than under‐watering.
- Check soil moisture as often as possible to determine water needs of the plant. The soil should be moist, not wet.
- All plant material should be fertilized each Spring with a well balanced fertilizer.
- All plant material should be treated with chelated iron approximately twice per growing season. This keeps the leaves from yellowing.
- Insect problems should be corrected with insecticides as they are encountered. Weekly inspections should keep these in check; however, if insects are a problem, call for proper treatment.
- Chewing insects (i.e., grasshoppers, etc.) can cause major damage quickly so must be taken care of as soon as possible. Weekly treatments may be necessary.
Wrapping and Staking:
- All deciduous trees should be wrapped from the soil surface to the first branch each fall (approximately November 1). Secure wrapping with masking tape or stretch‐tie. Do not use electrical tape or string. Deciduous trees should be wrapped for the first four to five years after planting.
- Remove wrapping after all chance of frost has passed, usually around April 1.
- Remove Stakes after the second full season of growing.
- Perennials must be fertilized in order to perform well.
- After perennials flower, the seed heads should be removed to promote plant growth instead of seed production.
- Perennials should be cut back to the ground in late fall or early spring.
- After several years, some perennials may need to be thinned or divided. A reduction in flower production is generally a good indicator that this needs to take place.
- DO NOT ignore your plant material. It has very specific needs that, if provided for, will keep it looking great for many years.
- Follow all container directions carefully when fertilizing or treating for insects. Remember, “more is not always better”.
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